EXPERIENCING ST. JOHN'S
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Rich and diverse experiences await you in North America's oldest city. From authentic cultural interactions and natural adventures to the cobblestone and colour of historic downtown, you'll soon see how the City of Legends got its name.

THE OLDEST CITY IN NORTH AMERICA
For more than 500 years, St. John's has been visited by European explorers, adventurers, soldiers and pirates. St. John's, the provincial capital, is the economic and cultural centre for Newfoundland and Labrador. First discovered in 1497 by John Cabot and later claimed as the first permanent settlement in North America for the British Empire by Sir Humphrey Gilbert, St. John's has a rich and colourful history. St. John's offers an enticing combination of old world charm, unique architectural, historic and natural attractions, top-notch facilities and services. It is also located in close proximity to spectacular coastlines, historic villages and a diverse selection of wildlife.
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SIGNAL HILL NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE
Signal Hill overlooks the historic port city, witness to a bygone era. As early as 1704, signal flags were flown from this site to inform merchants of approaching ships, whether hostile or friendly. With its panoramic view of the Atlantic Ocean, port and city, Signal Hill has been the site of countless military endeavours over the centuries, and in 1901, was on the receiving end of the first transatlantic wireless signal by Marconi. www.pc.gc.ca
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CAPE SPEAR LIGHTHOUSE NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE
This site is the most easterly point in North America, better known as the Fast East of the Western World. Besides the breathtaking coastal scenery, the major attraction is the lighthouse which is fully restored and is the oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland. www.pc.gc.ca
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THE ROOMS AT FORT TOWNSHEND
The Rooms is a state-of-the-art, multimillion dollar cultural centre that preserves and protects the province's heritage, history and culture. The Rooms houses the Newfoundland Museum, Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the Art Gallery of Newfoundland and Labrador. www.therooms.ca
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THE SUNCOR ENERGY FLUVARIUM
This attraction is the only public Fluvarium in North America where one can view Brook and Brown Trout in their natural habitat. www.fluvarium.ca
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HISTORIC DOWNTOWN
Museums, galleries, provincial historical buildings and sites, historical churches, parks, restaurants, pubs and specialty shops can be found along the narrow winding streets and laneways of one of the oldest mercantile districts in North America. www.downtownstjohns.com
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GRAND CONCOURSE
Major attractions in St. John's are connected by a series of urban walkways connecting parks, historic sites, the Fluvarium, magnificent Victorian architecture and scenic ponds and river systems teaming with trout, waterfowl, songbirds and other wildlife. www.grandconcourse.ca
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THE EAST COAST TRAIL
The 540 km East Coast Trail is located along the scenic shores of the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador. The trail provides walkers and hikers with a special blend of wilderness adventure, outstanding natural beauty, wildlife, history, and cultural contact. There are 220 km of the trail which have been developed to world-class hiking standard, stretching from Fort Amherst, in historic St. John's, to Cappahayden, on the beautiful southern shore. The trail is equipped with trail signage, maps and supporting trail information to enhance the hiking experience. This trail consists of a series of 18 paths, each with a northern and a southern trailhead that is marked with distinctive signage, and each of these paths can be hiked as an individual experience. Some paths are easy strolls, and some are longer and more rugged. There are 320 km of the trail still under development, and they are not supported by trail maps or signage. This section of the trail includes the northeastern tip of the Avalon, from St. John's to Topsail Beach, as well as the southeastern tip of the Avalon, from Cappahayden to Trepassey. This section offers many hiking routes that have not been hardened or signed, presenting a greater number of hiking challenges. www.eastcoasttrail.ca

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JOHNSON GEO CENTRE
The Johnson GEO Centre, a geological interpretation centre opened in June 2002, under primary sponsorship of the Johnson Family Foundation, is located on an 18-acre site on Signal Hill, adjacent to Signal Hill National Historic Site. Most of the 30,000 sq. ft. building, including the exhibits area (approx. 13,500 sq. ft), is underground. Being below ground permits interpretation of interesting geological features on the natural rock walls which remain exposed in the exhibits area. In addition to the exhibits area, the building houses a variety of spaces including an auditorium, classroom, gift shop, and food vending. With the theme of Our Planet, Our Province, Our People, and Our Future, the exhibits in the GEO Centre tell the remarkable story of the geological history of Newfoundland and Labrador, which extends back for an incredible 3.7 billion years. Only a handful of places in the entire world have such an extraordinary geological story to tell.www.geocentre.ca

The Johnson GEO Centre also houses The Titanic Story, an interactive exhibit which displays the entire life story of one of the largest disasters in the twentieth century and is one of the only exhibits in the world authorized to display items from James Cameron's epic Titanic. An added feature is the new GEO Park which has 8 inter-looped trails just under a mile. View the history boards throughout the park which explain the 3 main features surrounding the Johnson GEO Centre.
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RAILWAY COASTAL MUSEUM
In this magnificent heritage building this museum relates to the 100-year history of the Newfoundland Railway and Coastal Boat Service. The facility also houses the City of St. John's Archives. www.railwaycoastalmuseum.ca
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A CITY OF FIRSTS
In December 1901, Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic wireless transmission in an old hospital building on Signal Hill. On June 14, 1919, Alcock and Brown left St. John's and successfully completed the first transatlantic flight landing in Clifden, Ireland some 16 hours later. In addition, many adventurers leave from St. John's to cross the Atlantic in everything from hot air balloons to sail boards, and small crafts of all sorts. St. John's is also the first to see the sun rise and set in the Western World.
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NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
Besides humpback and minke whales, one can see fin, sperm, blue, pothead, sei and right whales in the coastal waters surrounding Newfoundland and Labrador. A variety of whales, marine life and icebergs in season, can be seen from vantage points within the City and from tour boats operating out of St. John's harbour. Just outside the City limits a marine bird sanctuary comes alive with seabirds and other marine life during the summer months.
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CULTURAL CAPITAL OF CANADA DESIGNATION
St. John's was proud to receive the designation "Cultural Capital of Canada" for 2006. St. John's is noted for its resident pride and commitment to arts and culture.
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